Home Accidents

Home accidents is general negligence of safety at home. Unfortunately your home is the place where accidents are most likely to occur. Everyone should be aware of the dangers in the home so that accidents can be avoided. No matter how much we strive to make our domestic environment as safe as possible, accidents at home can still happen - even in the most conscientious of households. When it comes to the health of our families it makes sense to know exactly what to do if these common scenarios do occur. But when we face home accident that time we are gone panic and confused to how to manage.

Types & Management:
1. Stepping On A Sharp Object:
Whether it’s a nail, a screw, thorns or splinters, if it’s lying on the floor – you might step on it and get hurt.

What to do
  • Inspect the injured spot to make sure there is nothing left in the wound. Remember that even if you wore shoes when it happened, you’re not completely protected, because the object might have passed through the sole and into your foot. It’s also wise to check the shoe for holes too.
  • If the object left no traces in the wound, wash your foot with soap and water to prevent infection, and bandage the area. If you have a disinfectant or antibacterial ointment, use it.
  • If there is a piece of the object still stuck in your foot, try prying it out with a disinfected needle. Make sure not to force it, you don’t want to exacerbate your injury.
2. Cut:
Cuts are one of the most common of household injuries, and can happen anywhere and while doing anything around the house: cutting salad, opening a tin can, or falling down.

What to do
  • Stop the bleeding – Apply pressure on the spot using a towel or a clean piece of cloth in order to stop the bleeding. If you have a first-aid kit available, grab a sterilized bandage. Keep holding the spot until the bleeding stops. If the cut is on either hand, raise the injured hand just above chest height to slow down the blood flow to the area.
  • Clean and disinfect the cut – Use soap and water to thoroughly clean the wound, and then apply a disinfectant on it. Next, bandage the wound to prevent future infections.
3. Burns (oil, scalding water, steam):
Many home accidents happen when we come in contact with a heat source in the kitchen, while washing our hands, or getting too close to steam or boiling oil. The outcome is often minor burns (1stand 2nd degree), which heal after a short time. However, there are actions you should take to prevent scarring and a prolonged healing period.
What to do
  • Wash the burn in cool, running water to cool down the area – Place the affected area under running water for 15 minutes to cool down the skin, which will also reduce the level of pain. Do not use ice as it shrinks the blood vessels in the area and may even cause frost burns.
  • Bandage the area – After washing and cooling the area, bandage it to prevent infections and reduce the pain. Do not use cotton bandages as they may adhere to the area.
  • Apply pain relief ointments on the area – Should you still experience tingling or discomfort, use known pain relievers such as Aloe Vera.
4. Bee Stinger:
Open windows and doors may summon unwanted house guests, such as bees. In most cases, the bee will fly out on its own, but if you or your child have been stung, it is important to act quickly.

What to do
  • Locate the sting and remove it right away, preferably by scraping it with a blunt object like your credit card. This is done because bees have a small amount of poison in their stingers and removing it quickly will minimize exposure to it. Avoid using tweezers or your fingernails – it may perforate the poison sac in the stinger.
  • After you have removed the stinger, wash the area with water and soap, then place a cold compress on it. You may also use painkillers to prevent swelling.
  • Raise the stung body part to minimize swelling.
5. Loss Of Consciousness:
Sudden loss of consciousness can be triggered by illness, as a reaction to fear and panic, or as a result of general feeling of faintness. In the majority of cases, the unconscious person will wake up on their own within a short period of time, but if you suspect that the loss of consciousness was caused by illness, if the person wakes up feeling weak, or if they remain unconscious there are a few things you must do.

What to do
  • Place the person on their back and raise their legs up to a 60 degree angle (you can use a chair).
  • Loosen up any tight-fitting clothing articles, such as neck ties or buttoned shirts, that can make it harder for them to breath.
  • Test to see if the person responds to noise and pain. Try calling their name or applying pressure on their collar bone (not too much).
  • If the person does not regain consciousness after being laid down, begin CPR.

6. Angina:
Angina symptoms include pain and pressure in the chest, and are caused by tightening of the blood vessels that feed the heart. The pain may project to your lower jaw, shoulders and back, making such pains a clear sign of angina. These sensations can appear after periods of intense activity, such as a workout, and will last anywhere between a couple of minutes to a quarter of an hour.

What to do
First and foremost, help the person lie down and make sure they remain in a state of rest. If you’re feeling the symptoms of angina, get a family member and ask them to call for an ambulance. Avoid moving as much as possible. If another person is experiencing angina symptoms, call an ambulance and make sure they remain rested until the paramedics arrive.

7. Choking:
Choking or wheezing can occur if we inhale while eating, or when a child puts something in their mouth. A person who is suffocating will begin coughing, grip their neck and turn blueish.
What to do
  • Whether you’re feeling like you’re choking or someone else is, the most important thing is to remain calm and try to cough out the object as soon as possible.
  • If the foreign object remains lodged in the airways, perform the Heimlich maneuver:
  • Hug the person from behind their back, with both hands clenched into fists and placed on the other person’s navel.
  • Perform a series of quick squeezes and check to see if the obstruction is cleared between each set.
8. Electrocution:
Electrocution is a life-threatening situation that can cause severe pain, burns, and even death. At home, you may get electrocuted by accidentally pushing something into a live socket, or even by touching a faulty appliance.
What to do
  • Switch off the electric current to the house and use a stick or a broom to remove the person from the source of electricity. Do not touch them directly as you may also be electrocuted.
  • Once the person is away from the source of electricity, check their consciousness levels. If they remain unconscious, begin CPR.
9. Animal Bites:
If you were bitten by your pet or someone else’s, there are several actions you should take.

What to do
  • The most important thing is to make sure the animal is vaccinated.
  • Wash the bite with water and soap to clean the area and prevent infections.
  • Next, use a bandage or a towel to apply pressure on the wound for several minutes to stop the bleeding.
  • If the wound is sore, use a cold compress or some ice wrapped in a thin towel.

10. Poisoning:

When household cleaning supplies, soaps, detergents and other products are stored in the cupboards of your home, there is a significant risk of poisoning. According to Parachute Canada, half of all poison cases occur with children under the age of 6, and the Public Health Agency of Canada estimated that approximately three deaths each year for kids under the age of 14 are due to poisoning from household items. Another 900 are hospitalized with serious injuries. You certainly want to take all precautions to ensure that you keep your kids away from dangerous substances.

What to do
  • Store dangerous chemicals, medications and other harmful products on high shelves, and out of reach of children.
  • Install childproof locks on cabinets that contain harmful products.
  • Never leave medications and harmful products in your purse.
  • Always store products in the original container.
  • Follow product directions on the container label.

11. Slips & Falls:

Slipping and falling is common with children; it is inevitable, and usually harmless. However, there are some situations where a simple slip and fall can cause serious harm. Fortunately, you can easily prevent falls from happening by taking small steps to safeguard your home.

What to do
  • Remove clutter from stairs and walkways to provide a clear and safe path for your kids.
  • All staircases inside and outside of your home should have handrails and sufficient lighting.
  • Install grab bars and non-slip mats in your bathroom to make it a no-slip zone.
  • Baby gates are a must for parents with young children, as they keep them away from stairs, balconies and landings.
  • Avoid purchasing throw rugs. They are a tripping hazard for both the young and the elderly.
  

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